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Family Histories

The Ridge Road Settlers in Gatineau Park 1818-1907+

By Bill McGee

In the 1800s many families settled along Ridge road, now in Gatineau Park, upon what was called Kingsmere mountain. They settled in Hull and Eardley townships in the then County of Ottawa. The family names include McKinstry, McCloskey, Davis, Bradley, Ryan, Laing, Marshall, Kennedy, Doyle, McSweeney, Heyden, Higgins, McGuire, Jeffs, Routley, Grimes, Egan, Keogan, Sheahan, Fortune, Leahey, Dunlop, Mullin and Walsh.

The process of obtaining land for settlement in these times is not well documented. But, generally, the process seems to be to obtain a Location ticket for 200 acres or, after about 1850, 100 acres. After a payment, building a hut and clearing a few acres, title to the land was granted. and there is an index to the dates of land grants, which dates are, of course, later than the initial commitment of a settler to a particular lot. Another approach was to spread the payment out over 20 years1, presumably keeping possession of the lot, and assuming title then. A third method was to buy the land. And a fourth method was to be a squatter.

The attached map shows the lots, the names of occupants. the recreational trails in Gatineau Park, and a crude indication of elevation. The park boundary is also shown. The range numbers are given in Roman numerals, and the lot numbers in Arabic numerals. The Ridge Road is shown going from Kingsmere Road and ending on a road called Riley Road, which is now a trail ending near Cregheur Road. Also shown is McCloskey Road to the Meech Lake, and Crilly Road connecting to Mountain Road near the Crilly farm.

The area is a portion of the pre-Cambrian Canadian Shield and is an undulating plateau. It is now criss-crossed by summer and winter trails of the National Capital Commission, and the Gatineau Parkways.

My research was started by a chance meeting with Dawn Carrick of Kanata in McKinstry Ski Lodge, and she gave me the name and email of Carol Flint, an American McKinstry descendant who was interested in the location of her ancestor's land. We discovered the following.

The Settlers in Eardley Twp.

Thomas McKinstry [~1832-1916]/Ann Davis, from Poobles, Aghalee, Co. Antrim, Ireland, son of Ralph and Martha, settled on the southern half of Lots 2 and 3 Range 9 of Eardley. This land stretches from a part of trail 1 that is parallel to the Wolf trail, and extends north to encompass part of the Wolf trail, called McKinstry Ridge. McKinstry's wife, Ann Davis, died while he was away, and the children were discovered and taken in by Patrick Bradley. In the 1871 Census son Thomas is with the Bradleys, a son Ralph is with his remarried father (to Amelia Jarry) in Hull, and Margaret is with the William Reids of Eardley. In 1873 the southern half of lots 2 and 3 of Range 9 were sold to Charles Currie, Robert Radmore and Daniel Pink2. Apparently Ralph moved to Northern Ontario and died in Seattle WA, and Thomas Sr moved to the Rainy River area of Minnesota and died in 1916. Thomas Jr married Margaret Bradley, perhaps a relative of the Bradleys where Thomas was raised, and they had 8 children; the family moved to Meech Lake settlement where Mary was a teacher, and then to Hull.

The current McKinstry lodge is many kilometers from the McKinstry homestead.

Richard Davis [1817-1905]/Rose Anne Simpson, started their family in South Hull near Vanier and Pink Roads, was granted lot 2, range 8, shown on the map, next to Patrick McCloskey, and subsequently moved to Eardley, and many family members are remembered in the Eardley United Church graveyard. A Davis clearing is mentioned in the Ottawa Ski Club news of 1932 and this is the area that is now a beaver meadow where the Ridge Road was bypassed by trail 24 and the cleared route for the cleared but not paved Parkway extension. I am not sure whether Mr Davis actually lived in the park, but in 1861 Davis was enumerated in the Census next to Patrick McCloskey. But the location is range 8, lot 7, 200 acres, McCloskey daffodils not lot 2. Oddly, Alexander Merrifield was also enumerated on the same lot, 100 acres.

The John Reilly family was on the flats on range 8, east half of lot 5, in 1861, and the road down the mountain to their lot is called Reilly road or Riley Road by Dr. Don Hogarth,. who studied the Geology of this part of the Park, and in Mrs. Thomson's notes, and is shown on the map.

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McCloskey daffodils.

Patrick McCloskey [~1811-1885]/Catherine McCloskey, from White Hills3, Aghadowey , Co. Londonderry (Co. Derry), Ireland, and with wife Catherine McCloskey (same name, not related), and in 1861 was living with Bernard [1814-], (who was granted, S 1/2 of lot 1, range 9 ), four children born in Ireland and three in Canada, thus emigrated about 1852. (Lot 1, Range 8, Eardley). Son Richard took over the farm and had twelve children in the 1901 census, and his daughter Mary McCloskey told Mrs Thomson that they left the mountain in 1907; they moved to lot 4, range 5 of Eardley. When living on the mountain, because they lived in Eardley, the nearest school was near the Healey Cottage on present trail 50 near Lac Mousseau. Mrs Thomson tells that the father built a special shortcut through the woods to help in the trip, coming out at parking lot P13. Although there are several photos of the farm buildings,. I found no remains last spring, but here are some daffodils indicating a home nearby.

Richard sold the north half of Lot 1 Range 8 Eardley to Herbert Blanchet in 1907, thence to Charles McDonald in 1930, and the FDC in 1959. McCloskey sold the southern half to William Williams in 1907, thence after several transfers to the Eureka Flint and Spar Co, thence to Bessie Josephine McKenna in 1934 and Bessie Josephine McKenna Hambleton to the FDC in 1954. Hambletons kept horses in a barn on the property, and the barn was used by skiers till it was demolished. The northern half of Lot 1, Range 7, Eardley had the same owners listed above.

In the 1861 Census Patrick McCloskey is farming the southern half of lot 24, range 9, Hull township, just south of the Keogan lands, but does not appear in the personal census; thus, probably the same Patrick of Eardley.

There are other McCloskeys in the area. Michael McCloskey[1832- ] farmed near Old Chelsea and Kingsmere, and was a mayor of West Hull (now Chelsea).

The settlers in Hull township.

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Bradley Basement.

Patrick Bradley [1801-bef 1891]/ Margaret Bradley [perhaps from Coleraine, Co. Derry] had 200 acres at lot 28, range 11 of Hull, granted in 1865 and 1866. However, he was in the census of 1851, and he and all the children were born in Ireland. This lot extends from the intersection of trails 33 and 21, where the home was located, north across trail 40 to the bottom of the Wolf trail. Since they lived in Hull Twp, they attended a school near the Fox Farm on trail 50, near the Dean property.

Ridge Road
The family seems to have left by the 1890s, and the land was sold first to the McCloskeys, and subsequently sold to Charles McDonald who built a business supplying cordwood, and built a road, part of which is trail 40, and part trail 33, called the Bradley trail. Bernard Bradley, a bachelor, lived with Patrick Bradley, and obtained an adjacent plot of land. It was the Bradleys that brought up young Thomas McKinstry. Son William was in Hull City in the 1891 Census. There is a noticeable pit, probably a basement, right at the intersection of the Bradley trail 33 and Pipe Dream trail 21, marked on a 1962 map as a ruin. The Bradley log cabin was moved and used as the first Western cabin.

The southern 3/4 was sold to the McCloskeys, thence to John and Percy Mahon, then in 1925 to Charles McDonald, and to the FDC in 1959. The northern 1/4 was sold by J Latimer to Christopher Allen in 1904, and his heirs sold it to the FDC in 1939.

The map shows a proposed trail across the Bradley land which might be worth exploring to see the farm itself.

Michael Ryan and Matthew Ryan. The Ryans were granted adjacent lots: Michael, the south half of lot 27, range 11, and Matthew the adjoining north half of lot 27, range 10. I do not know whether they were related.

Michael Ryan [1831-1890]/Bridget O'Meara was a tailor from Co. Tipperary, Ireland; he and wife Bridget O'Meara [1833-] had 9 children, one of whom married William Bradley, son of neighbour Patrick and living in 1901 in Old Chelsea town. Michael first appears in the 1861 census. Lot 27 Range 11 was occupied by Michael's son Philip Ryan [1855-] and family in 1901, and by John Laing and family in 1911. The property was sold in 1903 to Alide Lacerte, a civil servant from Ottawa, and was subsequently owned by Wm. H Benedict.

John Russell Laing [1848-1918]/Agnes Shaw were born in Scotland and lived in Ireland before coming to Canada in 1907. The family is in the 1911 census for West Hull, but by 1921 probably had moved to Bearbrook, Russell County, Ontario where many family members are buried. There is a Laing St in Chelsea.

Ridge Road
Marshall basement?

Matthew Ryan [1822- 1892] has one son Matthew [1853- ] in the 1871 census on lot 27A, range 10, Hull. According to Mrs Thomson son Mathew went to the US when his mother Mary [1811- ] died. Then the widower Matthew4 in 1887 married Sarah Marshall [nee Shevenell] from Harrington twp., Argenteuil Co., and her son Robert Marshall took over the his property. There is extensive stone fencing at the intersection of trails 20 and 21, which is called Marshall's Clearing in the 1931 Ottawa Ski Club map. There is an extensive row of rocks on this land extending to the former Hidden Valley Trail (13) from trail 20. Robert Marshall and family of twelve children are in this location in the 1911 census, but subsequently moved to Temiskaming district, Ont., probably about 1914. Thus, the Marshall family is likely the last to live on their own land on the 'Mountain'. The Marshalls sold to John Alfred Pink in 1924, and Pink's successors to the NCC in 1958.

James Gillen acquired lot 26, range 11 from Michael McCloskey, but appears to have lived on the Meech Lake. The McCloskey road joins the Meech Lake Road on his property.

Anthony Cafferty is shown in the 1861 census at Lot 24, range 10. There is no evidence that he lived on the mountain.

Ridge Road
Kennedy rock piles.

Denis Kennedy [1792-1874]/ Ann Ross [1799-1883] are in the 1851 census with wife (born in Scotland), and 3 children born in Canada. He was granted the northern half of lot 28, range 10. Son Michael was born in 1833, and the land at the southern half of lot 28, range 10, was granted to Michael Kennedy in 1868. In the 1871 census Michael is living with his mother and other family members on 200 acres lot 28, range 10. This land encompasses the Ridge Road from the Champlain Lookout to the Western trail 9, and the Parkway cut that parallels this road. There are numerous piles of rock in this area.

However the land records show no Kennedy involvement with this land on lot 28 after 1884, when it was sold to Esther Wolff with Frederick Sparks shown as owner; the 1875 GVHS map shows George Sparks as the owner.

John Kennedy [1833-1872] and Mary Boland [1836- ]were on lot 27B, range 10 in the 1871 census. Their youngest child aged 5 was born in England, so they were late arrivals. This lot had been sold by James Doyle to Timothy Boland in 1864, thence to John Kennedy in 1871, and transferred upon his death to son Matthew Kennedy in 1872. Land records have John Kennedy Jr of Milwaukee in 1911 selling the lot, on the decease intestate of his unmarried brother Matthew Kennedy to Herbert Routliffe, whose wife is noted as Ellen Kennedy. The 1875 GVHS map based on tax records shows J R Booth as owner, with John Kennedy in brackets.

Martin Doyle [1821-1903] from Co. Wexford, Ireland and wife Ellen O'Brien, was granted the northern half, lot 26A, range 10 in 1866 and James Doyle, as already mentioned, was granted the kitty-corner southern half, lot 27B, range 10 in 1862. I do not know if there is a family connection. Martin and family are in the census of 1861, 1871,1881, 1891 and 1901, and the 1871 census has 200 acres of lot 26 enumerated. Martin Doyle sold lot 26B to the University of Ottawa in 1873, and in 1901 he is residing at lot 22, range 8,. and this is also where he is situate in the 1875 GVHS map; lot 22, range 8 includes King Mountain, but, presumably, he lived on Mountain Road.

John McSweeney [1849-] married Ellen O'Neill in 1864 and is mentioned in an interview with Mary McCloskey in 1967 in Mrs Thomson's notes. The land at the southern half, of lot 26B, range 10 was granted to him, and Mrs Thomson's interview indicated that the family lived on the mountain. John McSweeney sold the land to the University of Ottawa in 1872. Later the (Mc)Sweeney's were involved in the hotel business in Old Chelsea, had a farm near Meech Lake Road, and there is a clearing shown near Meech Lake Road in the 1931 Ski Club map.

Ridge Road
Higgins basement.

Thomas Higgins [1816-]/Catherine Cosgrove are noted in the 1851 census as on lot 26, range 9, perhaps an error since he was granted the northern halves of lots 27 and 28 of range 9, which includes Champlain lookout and Brule Picnic Ground. Higgins purchased this land from Michael Grimes who about 1850 moved to the Mountain Road. Higgins is on the GVHS 1875 map. The FDC obtained this land for Gatineau Park from Mrs. Robert Higgins, Mary Jane Brennan, so the family apparently never sold their property until the Park was created. The Chaput mine was on this property, just below Champlain Lookout.

Ridge Road
Hugh McGuire basement.

Hugh McGuire [1821-] was granted the southern half of lot 27, range 9. This land is south of the parkway near Huron Lookout. There is a substantial rock fence and what appears to be a basement in this area. Hugh, wife Mary McGuire and children Mary and Hugh are in the 1871 census, but only young Hugh McGuire [1852-1915] and wife Ann Cafferty [1857-1932], the daughter of Anthony Cafferty, are in the 1881 census; a daughter's baptism was recorded the next year. In 1901 Hugh, wife Ann and 4 children are in Ottawa. There are several small mines along the valley that McGuire farmed. The property was sold by John Henry Mahon to the FDC. There were McGuires near the Gillespies at the tip of Lac Mousseau, but I know no connection.

Ridge Road
Anna Grimes (third from right) was born near Champlain Lookout. From a photo of 1893.

Michael Grimes [1798-1895] and wife Catherine Ryan [1808-1893] settled first on the mountain about 1832 near the present Champlain lookout (afterwards bought by Thomas Higgins), but then moved south to nearby Range 8, Lot 25 in the census of 1851. The 1875 map of the GVHS shows Michael on the north side of Mountain Road on lots 25 and 26 of Range 8, touching the lands of Hugh McGuire and Michael Egan. Grimes was prominent in local affairs. The Crilly Road leads to his property from the higher lands.

Thomas Heyden [1803- ] and Catherine Hayes [1809-]. are noted in the 1851 Census as living in lot 26, range 9. And Thomas Heden appears in the 1842 census. But this lot was granted to William Jeffs. The Heydens apparently moved to Low Quebec. Since his age is given as 48, and his children were all born in Canada, the eldest 16, they must have emigrated before 1835. Heyden's wife was Catherine Hayes, and there are many branches of the Hayes family near Wakefield and Low.

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Jeffs habitation N of Ridge Road.

William Jeffs [1790-] and wife Ann Ryan [1795-] was the first settler in Kingsmere. As well as land in Kingsmere, [Kingsmere {=King's mere=King's lake} Lake was originally Loon, then Jeff's Lake]. It is likely that the land lot 26 of range 9 was granted to son William Jeffs [1833-]. In the 1881 census son WIlliam was enumerated between two families that were on Ridge Road, the Higgins and the Egans. William Jeffs Sr. was a carpenter as well as a farmer. The cabin was a bit off the road.

Routley's Clearing is the name given to the clearing at the intersection of Crilly Road and Ridge Road, (east of the Huron Cabin) named after a Routley who lived here and raised pigs. Edwin Valentine [1870-] and George Cuthbert Routliffe [1866-] owned lots 26A and 26B of Range 9, the William Jeffs land. These men was undoubtedly a descendants of Routleys who settled near the corner of Vanier and Pink Roads; the Routleys changed their name to Routliffe about 1860. George Cuthbert Routliffe married Alice Ann Young in 1907. Hibbert Vipond sold the land to the FDC in 1939.

Michael Egan [1831-1886] and Catherine Young appears in the census starting in 1861, but these censuses have no location information for 1871 to 1891, and in the interval they moved from Lot 25, Range 9, to a location on the Kingsmere Road near the Parkway crossover. Son Michael J Egan took over the farm on Ridge, and made the move. He died in 1901 and his widow, Elizabeth Curran, married Edward Young. The log house partway up the Kyber Pass was moved to the Kingsmere location. The Egans or Youngs built Shilly Shally as a stopover while logging. The Egan meadow is in front of Shilly Shally. John Young sold the land and buildings to the FDC in 1939.

Ridge Road
This turn halfway down Khyber Pass is likely near the Egan homestead.
Ridge Road
Egan rock fence S of Ridge Rd on trail 11.

William Walsh [1800-1861] (or Welch)and Margaret Crilly [1798-1864], are in Lot 24, Range 9, 100 acres, in the 1851 Census. Children Martin, John, Catherine and Michael were enumerated.

But Patrick McCloskey sold lot 24B (the southern half) of lot 24, range 9, to the Sisters of Charity (Grey Nuns) in 1872. [The Community General Hospital, Alms-House, and Seminary of Learning of the Sisters of Charity at Ottawa, Rev. Sister Rosalie Demers, attorney]. The Sisters in turn sold lot 23B to Robert Pink, and lot 24B to Pink's brother Charles in 1888. The Pink descendants sold the properties to the FDC in 1940.

Ridge Road
Old Keogan barn at intersection of Trail 11 and Fortune Creek. Picture 1946.

James Keogan [1826-bef. 1871], [ possibly from Co. Cavan, Ireland] and Anne Watson [1828-]. are in the 1861 census. But James died by 1871, and Nancy (=Anne) Keogan is listed there with her family including son John Keogan [1847- 1905] who married Mary McCloskey. The grant was for the northern half of Lot 24, lot 24A, Range 9 to John Keogan. Keogan bought an adjacent farm, lot 23A, from Daniel Sheahan, son of Jeremiah Sheahan, in 1899 . Apparently the Keogans left the mountain about the same time as the McCloskeys; widow Mary McCloskey Keogan sold the property in 1916 to Joseph Maurice, and it passed through various owners until Leon Picard sold it to the FDC in 1939. The Cliffside Ski Club sold Keogan's Lodge to the FDC in 1944. But the Keogan family farmhouse and barn were nearer the intersection of trail 11 and the Parkway. Charles Hodgson has an excellent overview at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yN9YpKm2RR4.

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Jeremiah Sheehan [1821-], [and his wife Margaret McDonnell], was granted in 1866 the northern half of lot 23, lot 23A, range 9 which lot was between the Keogan and Fortune lots. Fortune Lake Parkway runs through the land. There are two Sheahan families in the 1851 Census, Thomas Sheahan [1812-1865], wife Anne Breen and 9 children, probably at Chelsea Mills, and Daniel Sheahan [1781- ], wife Mary [1781-] and son Jeremiah Sheahan [1821-]. Oddly enough the census record for Thomas includes a 67-year old Daniel, so Daniel might have been visiting son Thomas during the census-taking. The farm was sold to John Keogan in 1899.

Garrett Fortune [1826-1884] and wife Anne Elland are in the 1861 census as being on the north half, 22A, of lot 22, range 9, which was the land he was granted. This lot includes Fortune Lake. In 1871 the family of Garrett Fortune the son is in the Nepean census. But there are Fortune burials in the St Stephens graveyard in Old Chelsea. Garrett Fortune sold his property, including a house, to the Sisters of Charity (Grey Nuns) of Ottawa in 1873; John Wills Russell, a lumber dealer from New York City was a witness. George S and Charles E Murtagh sold the property to the FDC in 1939.

The 1875 GVHS maps shows Fortune on the Meech Lake Road, lot 19B, range 10. Charles Hodgson states that the shack shown was Garrett Fortune's. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3SSbls_IK88

Ridge Road
Ridge Road

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Francois Bourgeau [1834- ]/Ellen Sheahan Francois, was granted various lands now in the park including the southern half of lot 23B, range 9 and the southern half of lot 26, range 10 on Meech Lake; the Sheahan family was on the northern half of the lot at lot 23, range 9. This lot 23B includes Lac Bourgeois. Bourgeau, son of Denis Bourgeau and Lucy Obuchon, was, according to Anson Gard, the postmaster of Aylmer. The 1861 agricultural census for Eardley had Francois sharing lot 4, range 5 of Eardley with Daniel Sheehan. Subsequently, parts of this land in Range 5 were farmed by Richard McCloskey. But Bourgeau sold lot 23B, range 9, to the Sisters of Charity (Grey Nuns) in 1870, and they sold it to Charles Pink in 1888, and the Pink family held title until sale to the FDC. The property contains the site of a former ski chalet, La Cabane, which appears in a 1977 ski map, and was, apparently, a building used by the Pinks when lumbering or hunting.

Ridge Road
Typical Sketch Map of Survey made by FDC before purchase of lands in 1938. A Leahy lot.
Ridge Road

Thomas Leahey [1796- ] was from Co. Tipperary, Ireland. In the census of 1851 , he farmed the southern half of lot 22, range 9, but evidently also had property in the northern part of lot 22, range 8, because Leahy sisters contested the valuation on the land, which includes Black Lake, given by the FDC. Thomas Leahy was granted the southern half of lot 22, range 9, in 1866. A descendant was the mother of Richard Mulvihill whose recollections were captured by Mrs Thomson in the 1960s. Those notes contain much material on the Leahy family. There are many spellings of this name: Layhe, Leahy, Leahey, etc.

The DUNLOP family [often spelled Dunlap] was one of the earliest in Old Chelsea. The family is well documented on the Internet. The earliest record is of Gabriel Dunlop [1780-] with wife Catherine Hoben. They had at least five children in Canada, Sarah married John Brooks, Elizabeth Dunlop married Thomas Berry, William [1798-1873] married Bridget Daley [1804-1853], Gabriel [1804-] married Margaret Daley [1814-], and Catherine [1810-1899] married Elisha Sheffield Jr. [1818-1907]

Two of the sons, William and Gabriel, occupied adjacent 200 acre lots, on range 9, lots 20 and 21. Dunlop Road leads to these properties.

William Dunlop [1798-1873] started on lot 20 in 1818, and was granted title in 1824. The note indicates that 'he is an honest laborious man and supports an aged mother.' He and wife Bridget Daley had 7 children: Mary Ann [1831-1902] married Michael Scott; William [1833-] married Catherine ?; Catherine [-1922]. married George Styles; James Robert [1839-1895] married Mary Jane Fenning [1847-1920]; John A. [1839-1904]; George [1841-1925] married Mary Ann Daley [1846-1886], and Sarah Elizabeth [1843-1846]. The family is in the 1871 Census, but, apparently, upon his death, the twins John and Robert purchased adjacent farms in Osgoode Twp, Ont. However, there is a marriage of William to Ellen O'Connell, daughter of Charles O'Connell and Rose McCloskey in 1876 in St Andrew's, Nepean, however, his birth date is given as 1846, not 1833. In 1881 this family, with children Willie and Rosy, is in Russell, Ont.; William's age is now 40. Ellen is a widow in the 1891 census. Thus it seems that this branch of the Dunlop tree left their Chelsea home about 1875.

Gabriel Dunlop [1803-1884] started on lot 21, range 9 in 1824, and was granted title the same year. He and wife Margaret Daley had 13 children: John [1835- 1900] married Grace Ann O'Connell; Catherine [1838-] married Michael Kennedy; Elizabeth [1841-] married Robert Dunlop; Gabriel Augustine [1843-] married Ellen McCloskey; Sarah Ann [1845- ] married Thomas Shields; Richard [1848- 1897] married Catherine McCloskey and they both died in Wisconsin; Margaret [1850 -] married a Kennedy; Julia [1851-] married James McCloskey; Martin [1853-] Isabella [1856-]; Hannah [1859-1940] married James Savage of Templeton Twp.; Bridget [1860- ].

Lot 21 was sold by Gabriel Dunlop to the Sisters of Charity in 1872, and bought by Gabriel Dunlop (probably son Gabriel Augustine) in 1884 from the Sisters of Charity. Gabriel Dunlop sold about 100 acres of this lot and part of lot in 1902 to James McClelland. In 1908 Gabriel Dunlop made a gift of certain lands to his sons James Stephen Dunlop and John Francis Dunlop, namely north part of lot 21, 130 acres, north part of 20A, 95 acres, and middle part of lot 19A, 25 acres. These men are the sons of Gabriel and Ellen McCloskey. Gabriel Augustine Dunlop and family had moved to the foot of Dunlop Road, lot 19 and 20A, range 10, on the Meech Lake Road, in 1895 (3211).

The year 1920 sees the beginnings of the purchase of lands for the Ottawa Ski Club. Charles Edmond Mortureux, civil servant, and Charles Allan Snowden, barrister-at-law. execute three purchases. The first (35531) is for Fortune Lake Hill, in the Kingsmere Mountains, from John Dunlap, immediately north of the land known as Dunlap's Clearance, a homestead of the vendor's father (Gabriel Augustine), and with right of access on a wood road to Meech Lake running through lot Dunlap's property. The acreage is not given. This is followed (40278) in 1922 by the purchase of a piece of land 1250 feet by 68 feet adjacent to the first purchase, and, (40279), about 400 by 300 feet, and also access in a south westerly direction to 'Murphy's Road'--probably Ridge Road along Fortune Lane-- via trail 4. In 1930 the Ottawa Ski Club purchased 125 acres of lots 19B, 20B and 21 from John Dunlap. The Ski Club sold part of the land to CFRA for a radio tower in 1969, and sold the OSC land to the NCC in 1991 (298895).

Ridge Road
Mullins Swamp on Ridge Road.

William Mullin [1780- ] is in lot 19, range 9 in 1851 and in 1861 in the south half of lot 20, range 9. Along with Bridget [1779-] there is Patrick [1821-], Ellen [1820-], and two children Mary [1841-] and Catherine [1843-]. The St Stephen's birth register has Mary dau of Patrick Mullin and wife Ellen Harrington born in 1847, not 1841. The 1842 Census has no location information, but has a Denis Mullin in the area. The 1861 census has only William aged 81 and Patrick. In 1875 Patrick Mullin sold the north half of lot 19, 19A, and the north east half of lot 20, part of 20A, to William Ryan, exempting the land sold by William Mullin to Gabriel Dunlop in 1855. In 1905 William Ryan bequeathed the parts of lot 19 and 20 that he owned to his son Robert Ryan, who sold them to the Ottawa Ski Club in 1933.

Bernard Mullin [1803-1853] and Mary Heydon are in lot 23, range 9 in 1851. Evidently, from his tombstone, the son of Charles Mullin and Bridget Mademond and husband of Mary Heydon [1829- ], perhaps the child of Thomas Heydin noted earlier from lot 26, range 9. Also in the household Nancy [1815- ] and Mary Sooders [1796- ] , a widow. Mrs Thomson notes that Nancy Mullins lived alone on the Kingsmere Road near the creek crossing just north of the Parkway overpass, but there is no other Census record.

Ridge Road
Richard Mulvihill at Blake's cabin, 1965, From Mrs Sheila Thomson.

Chain migration? The web page on Errigal parish in Co. Derry, Ireland, http://www.angelfire.com/falcon/bannvalley/errigal.html has the names Bernard Mullen, Michael McCloskey as emigrants in 1835, but also includes the names Higgins and Hugh McGuire, as well as Crilly. This leads to the proposition that there is a likelihood that McCloskey, Mullen, Crilly, McGuire and Higgins all came from the same area of Co Derry, an example of chain migration whereby neighbours in Ireland became neighbours in Canada.

Michael Shea and Bridget Corrigan Although granted land at the south half of lot 18 , Range 9, near the northern part of the Skyline trail, Michael Shea is listed in the Census of 1861 as a merchant, and so probably did not live on the mountain. Mrs Thomson records that the father of Richard Mulvihill cut wood for a barn from the Shea woodlot. Land records show the Sheas selling the lot to John S Mulvihill in 1909, and he split the land to Richard Martin Mulvihill [1878-1972], Mrs. Thomson's source, and perhaps a nephew of William S, in 1910 and to Ambrose and George Richards in 1913, with an eventual sale to the FDC in 1939 and 1940.

Farming

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Plough found near Mud Lake (Bourgeois) by W. Hoare about 1936. Made in Billings Bridge, Ottawa.

The land on the mountain was not as heavily treed as the terrain below the mountain. But the soil was, and is, often mainly leaf compost. This was fine for potatoes until the compost disappeared. The census for 1871 has the production of a few of the farms. Average productions are given.

For crops. the average farm had 140 acres, with 40 acres improved, 12.5 acres of pasture, with a production of 4.5 bushels oats, 2 bushels peas, 2 acres for potatoes with a production average of 130 bushels, 5 bushels of turnips, 9 acres for hay with an average of 7 bundles or tons [the units are not clear to me], and 35 cords of firewood. A few of the farmers had a few bushels of apples and other fruit.

For farm animals, the average number of horses above 3 years was 1.8, fillies and colts 1, milch cows 2.8, other horned animals 2.3, sheep 6, swine 2, cattle killed 1.6, sheep killed 1.6, swine killed 1.5, butter 220 pounds, wool 20 pounds and cloth 25 yards.

Access Roads

The Ridge Road originally went from Kingsmere up a location near or at Booth Hill. The end of the road was held to be at the Riley Road which descended from a location near the intersection of trail 1 and trail 16. The Ottawa Ski Club considered the Ridge Road trail ending at McCloskey Road. From Kingsmere two roads are mentioned, the main road to Old Chelsea (and church for most settlers) and accessing the Mine Road to Hull, and the road to the current Mountain Road on Larriault Hill, which road was very steep and is now closed and blocked by the Gatineau Parkway. There was a ski route from Kingsmere to Notch Road along the Hermit trail, but this does not seem to be mentioned is accounts of settler transportation.

Beside the McCloskey Road leading to the Meech Lake Road, the Dunlop Road was used, and there is a old ski trail called Keogan's Road which roughly follows the Fortune Lake Parkway. Finally there is mention of a road to the Mountain road called Crilly Road which the Old Champlain trail (1948) followed to about the Parkway, and Crilly Road then descended towards Mountain Road in Hollow Glen; this is drawn on the map; this 'road' was also very steep.

Church

St Stephen's Roman Catholic Church in Old Chelsea, established as a separate pariah in 1845, was the religious community for most of the settlers on Ridge Road, and accounts indicate that this community was taken seriously, with Sunday Mass reportedly attended faithfully. The journey was a long one, often by foot. The records of this parish are excellent.

Schooling

There were two common schools in the 1871 census in the area; the one on Ridge Road at lot 24, range 9 (Keogan) likely on the access from Ridge Road to trails 17 and 11; the second near trail 50 (Fox Farm Road) at lot 26, range 13, near Lac Trudel. We know that there was a school at Meech Lake (near parking lot P11) around 1900. Eardley township had a school near the Healey farm on the Fire Road (trail 50).

Wild Life

It is remarkable to me that bears are the most mentioned wildlife; the deer and raccoons that plague gardeners these days are rarely mentioned; they may have been greeted as supper.

Fires And Windstorms

The great fire of 1870 devastated much of the Ottawa Valley, touching the Mountain Road, but I can find no mention that it affected the Ridge Road Settlers.

Conclusion

But although there was a good social life, and the church was clearly a focus, it was a tough life. Certainly they all eventually abandoned their farms voluntarily. An enumerator in 1851 had this judgment:

Ridge Road
Enumerator's note in 1851 Census of Hull Twp.

References

List of lands granted by the crown in the province of Quebec, from 1763 to 31st December 1890 https://archive.org/details/cihm_94807

Quebec Land Registry

Census of 1842, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1921.

http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/census.aspx. These are now indexed, but the spelling of names is variable!

Sheila C. Thomson, Recollections of Early Days in the Gatineau Hills, 1965. These invaluable notes of Mrs Sheila Thomson are interviews in the 1960s with descendants of early settlers, especially Richard Mulvihill [1878-1972[ and Mary McCloskey [1879-]. copy in GVHS archives.

Maurice Ernest Grimes, You and I and All of Us: The descendants of Michael Grimes of Hull Township, Ottawa County, [Quebec], Canada, Aug 1990, copy in GVHS archives.

Ottawa Ski Club News, Gatineau Valley Historical Society. http://gvhs.ca/digital/gatineau-park/osc/

Ottawa Citizen, Google News Archives. A series of articles in a column called Old Time Stuff of Saturday 22 Sept, 29 Sept, Oct 6, Oct 13, 1928 based on interviews with James Padden [1851-] of Old Chelsea and William Scott. Also the issue of Saturday 3 Sept 1927 has the recollections of Mrs Daniel Crilly [1848- ] who lived on the Mountain Road just north of the intersection with the Deschenes (now Vanier) Road.

St Stephen's Roman Catholic Church, Old Chelsea, Birth and Marriage records. Drouin Institute. http://www.drouininstitute.com/

St Stephen's Roman Catholic Church, Old Chelsea: cemetery tombstones. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cangmg/quebec/gatineau/hulltwp/ststeph e/index.htm

Alisa C. Apostle, The View from the Hill, National Park Culture and Gatineau Park, M A Thesis, Queens University 1997

Katharine Fletcher, Historical Walks: The Gatineau Park Story

Acknowledgements

Finally, I have been helped by the personal assistance of the following:

  • Mrs Sheila Thomson for Log Cabin location and much other help, and permission to include her photos of Keogan barn, Ski Wiff, plough;
  • Stan Rosenbaum for the Hugh McGuire home location;
  • John Goatcher for the Kennedy area rock piles;
  • Elizabeth Gammell for the Ridge Road school location, Mullins swamp and other information from a hike on 27 Sept 2015;
  • Inge Gullon for encouragement;
  • Liam and Noel Perreault for the potential Grimes/Higgins site;
  • Dawn Carrick and Carol Flint for McKinstry family information;
  • Gershon Rother for notes on a Heritage Day presentation that he made in February 2011,
  • GVHS archives volunteers,
  • Chelsea Tax Dept.
  • maps from Rand Collins of the NCC Geomatics department.
  • Alisa Apostle for permission to include Leahy map
  • Susan Courage for the Dunlop grant information.
  • Michael Lait for much information

Bill McGee wfmcgee@gmail.com

613-828-9130


Footnotes

  1. Noted as '5 percent' tenant in Census Records under Method of Tenure
  2. Acte 2397, Hull Registry Office. Amelia Nash is the name given by his wife.
  3. I cannot find the townland of White Hills in the parish of Aghadowey; I translate White Hills as Drumbane or Knockbane.

Appendix

Thomas McKinstry Sr
THOMAS MCKINSTRY was born in 1831 in Co Armagh, Ireland. He married MARTHA DAVIS. She was born in 1834.
Thomas McKinstry and Martha Davis had the following children:
i. RICHARD MCKINSTRY was born in 1858.
ii. MARTHA MCKINSTRY was born in 1859.
iii. THOMAS MCKINSTRY was born on 02 Mar 1864. He married Margaret Bradley, daughter of Patrick Bradley and Anne McAuley on 08 Jun 1886 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 11 Jun 1859.

Thomas McKinstry Jr
THOMAS MCKINSTRY (Thomas1) was born on 02 Mar 1864. He married Margaret Bradley, daughter of Patrick Bradley and Anne McAuley on 08 Jun 1886 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 11 Jun 1859.
Notes for Margaret Bradley: The census of 1871 has Margaret aged 12, thus born in 1859.
Thomas McKinstry and Margaret Bradley had the following children:
i. RICHARD PATRICK MCKINSTRY was born on 08 May 1887.
ii. MARTHA ANN MCKINSTRY was born on 20 Jan 1889.
iii. THOMAS JOSEPH MCKINSTRY was born on 21 Mar 1891. He died on 13 Oct 1933 in Pakenham, Ont. He married FORTUNE MENARD. He married GENEVA GOODIN.
iv. PATRICK JOSEPH MCKINSTRY was born on 12 Mar 1893.
v. JOHN JOSEPH MCKINSTRY was born on 06 Feb 1896.
vi. ANNA LAURA MCKINSTRY was born on 27 Aug 1899. She died on 09 Oct 1899.
vii. JOSEPH RALPH MCKINSTRY was born on 27 Aug 1899. He died on 14 Dec 1975 in Hull, Quebec. He married MARIE LAURETTE ELISABETH JEAN. Notes for Joseph Ralph McKinstry: Known as Buck McKinstry.
viii. MARY LILLY MCKINSTRY was born on 22 Sep 1901. She died in 1987. She married W. MCELROY.

Richard Davis
RICHARD DAVIS was born in 1817 in Ireland. He died on 18 Nov 1905 in Eardley Quebec.
He married ROSE ANN SIMPSON. She was born in 1821 in Ireland. She died on 14 Jan 1900 in Eardley Quebec.
Richard Davis and Rose Ann Simpson had the following children:
i. THOMAS2 DAVIS was born in 1843 in Lower Canada. He died in 1933. He married REBECCA ARMSTRONG. She was born in 1860. She died in 1935. He married EVA BRECKENRIDGE. She was born in 1899. She died in 1987.
ii. JOHN DAVIS was born in 1844 in Lower Canada.
iii. JAMES DAVIS was born in 1846 in Lower Canada. He died on 14 Oct 1929. He married ELIZABETH ANN ERWIN. She was born in 1846. She died on 11 Oct 1928.
iv. SIMPSON DAVIS was born on 06 Apr 1848 in Lower Canada. He married MARTHA LUSK. She was born on 29 Jun 1852.
v. MARIA JANE DAVIS was born in 1850 in Lower Canada. She died on 05 Jan 1926. She married JAMES FINDLAY. He was born in 1852. He died on 09 Feb 1911.
vi. ISABELLA DAVIS was born in 1852 in Lower Canada.
vii. ANNIE DAVIS was born in 1854 in Lower Canada. She married JOSEPH HETHERINGTON. He was born in 1852. He died in 1925.
viii. MARTHA DAVIS was born in 1856 in Lower Canada.
ix. RICHARD DAVIS was born in 1860 in Lower Canada.
x. ISABELLA DAVIS was born in 1852.

Patrick McCloskey
PATRICK MCCLOSKEY was born in 1804 in Ireland. He died on 22 Mar 1885 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married CATHERINE MCCLOSKEY. She was born in 1817 in Ireland. She died on 17 Feb 1897 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
Patrick McCloskey and Catherine McCloskey had the following children:
i. MARY MCCLOSKEY was born in 1842 in Ireland.
ii. JAMES MCCLOSKEY was born in 1844 in Ireland.
iii. ELLEN MCCLOSKEY was born in 1847 in Old Chelsea. She married GABRIEL AUGUSTINE DUNLOP. He was born on 19 Feb 1843 in Canada.
iv. RICHARD MCCLOSKEY was born on 04 Apr 1851 inOld Chelsea. He died in 1928 in Luskville, Quebec. He married CATHERINE DALEY. She was born on 15 Jun 1854. She died in 1929 in Luskville, Quebec.
v. CATHERINE MCCLOSKEY was born on 23 Mar 1852 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She died in Little River, Oconto Co., Wisconsin, USA. She married Richard Dunlop, son of Gabriel Dunlop and Margaret Daley on 21 Jul 1873. He was born in 1848 in Canada. He died on 31 Jul 1897 in Little River, Oconto Co., Wisconsin, USA.
vi. BRIDGET MCCLOSKEY was born in 1855 in LC.
vii. ROSE MCCLOSKEY was born on 09 Feb 1857 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.

Richard McCloskey
RICHARD MCCLOSKEY (Patrick1) was born on 04 Apr 1851 in Old Chelsea. He died in 1928 in Luskville, Quebec. He married CATHERINE DALEY. She was born on 15 Jun 1854. She died in 1929 in Luskville, Quebec.
Richard McCloskey and Catherine Daley had the following children:
i. ANNIE TERESSA MCCLOSKEY was born on 27 May 1876. She married JOHN KENNEDY, son of Michael Kennedy and Catherine Dunlop on 09 Jun 1903 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He was born in Mar 1874 in Quebec.
ii. PATRICK JAMES MCCLOSKEY was born on 19 Oct 1877 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married ELIZABETH BRIDGET SARAH WELCH.
iii. MARY MCCLOSKEY was born on 31 Dec 1879 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She died in 1967. She married MICHAEL FAHEY. He died in 1967.
iv. RICHARD MCCLOSKEY was born on 09 Jan 1882 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He died in 1949.
v. BERNARD MCCLOSKEY was born on 31 Dec 1883 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vi. JAMES MCCLOSKEY was born on 04 Mar 1886.
vii. MICHAEL JOHN MCCLOSKEY was born on 27 Jan 1888 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He died on 09 Aug 1949 in Ottawa. He married TERESSA BRIDGET KELLY.
viii. GEORGE MCCLOSKEY was born on 26 Jan 1889. He died in 1922.
ix. HENRY JOSEPH MCCLOSKEY was born on 28 Mar 1891 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
x. EDMUND THOMAS MCCLOSKEY was born on 27 Jun 1893 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married Margaret Muldoon, daughter of Thomas Muldoon and Margaret Kennedy on 04 Jul 1916 in Quyon, Quebec. She was born on 05 Jun 1894.
xi. MARGARET THERESA MCCLOSKEY was born on 25 Jul 1895 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married JOSEPH AMBROSE KENNEDY, son of Denis Kennedy and Elizabeth Muldoon on 25 Jun 1915 in Luskville, Quebec.
xii. ALOYSIUS STEPHEN MCCLOSKEY was born on 25 Jul 1898 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.

Patrick Bradley
PATRICK BRADLEY was born in 1801. He married MARGARET BRADLEY. She was born in 1801.
Patrick Bradley and Margaret Bradley had the following children:
i. BRIDGET BRADLEY
was born in 1831 in Ireland.
ii. ELLEN BRADLEY was born in 1834. She married William O'Mara, son of Philip O'Mara and Johana Slattery on 13 Nov 1860 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iii. WILLIAM BRADLEY was born on 17 Mar 1839. He married Bridget Ryan, daughter of Michael Ryan and Bridget O'Meara on 01 May 1869 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 24 Feb 1854.
iv. BERNARD BRADLEY was born in 1844 in Ireland. He died on 12 Dec 1882.
v. JOHN BRADLEY was born in 1847 in Ireland. He died in 1899. He married BRIDGET FINNERTY. She was born on 01 Feb 1850 in Ireland. She died in 1932.
vi. JOSEPH BRADLEY was born on 13 Apr 1849 in Quebec.

Michael Ryan
MICHAEL RYAN was born in 1831.
He married BRIDGET O'MEARA. She was born in 1831.
Michael Ryan and Bridget O'Meara had the following children:
i. PHILIP RYAN was born on 06 Feb 1856. He married FRANCES ____. She was born on 07 May 1864.
ii. JAMES RYAN was born in 1860.
iii. MICHAEL RYAN was born in 1858.
iv. BRIDGET RYAN was born on 24 Feb 1854 in Ireland. She died in 1926. She married William Patrick Bradley, son 27 of Patrick Bradley and Margaret Bradley on 01 May 1869 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He was born on 17 Mar 1839 in Ireland. He died on 28 Apr 1921.

Philip Ryan
PHILIP RYAN (Michael) was born on 06 Feb 1856. He married FRANCES ____. She was born on 07 May 1864.
Philip Ryan and Frances ____ had the following children:
i. BELLA RYAN was born on 11 Mar 1882.
ii. MARTIN RYAN was born on 23 May 1885.
iii. ANNIE RYAN was born on 07 Sep 1886.
iv. TERESA RYAN was born on 23 Jan 1889.
v. MICHAEL RYAN was born on 30 Jan 1892.
vi. EDWARD RYAN was born on 07 Aug 1893.
vii. ESTHER RYAN was born on 20 Mar 1897.
viii. PHILIP RYAN was born on 21 Feb 1899.
ix. JAMES RYAN was born on 31 Mar 1900

John R Laing
1. JOHN RUSSELL LAING was born in Mar 1848 in Denny, Stirling, Scotland. He died on 21 Oct 1918 in Mettawa Camps, Nipissing, Ontario, Canada. He married (1) MARGARET GRAY on 18 Feb 1869 in East Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland. She was born in 1845 in East Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland. She died on 24 Aug 1883 in East Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland. He married (2) AGNES SHAW on 25 Dec 1884 in Kelvinhead, Kilsyth, Stirling, Scotland. She was born on 12 Apr 1867 in Kelvinhead, Kilsyth, Stirling, Scotland. She died in 1948 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
John Russell Laing and Margaret Gray had the following children:
i. WILLIAM LAING.
ii. PETER LAING was born in 1871.
iii. JOHN RUSSEL LAING.
iv. JANE LAING.
v. JAMES LAING was born on 09 Apr 1878. He died on 07 Apr 1891 in Lammerknowes, Kilsyth, Stirling, Scotland.
vi. GRACE RUSSELL LAING was born on 25 Nov 1879 in Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland.
vii. MARGARET LAING was born on 10 Sep 1881 in Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland. 28
viii. ROBERT GRAY LAING was born on 17 Aug 1883 in Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland. He died on 17 Nov 1883 in Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland.
John Russell Laing and Agnes Shaw had the following children:
ix. GEORGE ALEXANDER SHAW LAING was born on 17 Oct 1884 in Kelvinhead, Kilsyth, Stirling, Scotland. He died on 02 Sep 1966 in Chelsea, Quebec.
x. CHRISTINA PATERSON LAING was born on 29 Nov 1886 in Banknock, Denny, Stirling, Scotland. She died in 1965. She married Nelson Arthur Hayes on 18 Jan 1908 in Ottawa.
xi. ROBERT LAING was born on 11 Apr 1889 in Dennyloadhead, Stirling, Scotland. He died on 18 Jan 1954 in Mossleigh, Alberta, Canada.. He married Elizabeth Alice Robinson on 18 Apr 1919 in Milo, Alta.
xii. AGNES SHAW LAING was born on 24 May 1893 in Colkerie, Barilogie, Denny, Stirling, Scotland. She died in 1958 in Ottawa. She married John Parkinson Metcalfe on 01 Nov 1916 in Hagersville, Ont..
xiii. ALISON LAING was born on 04 Mar 1896 in Co. Armagh, Ireland. She died on 27 Dec 1968 in Ottawa. She married HARTLEY LEPPARD. She married ALFRED P CHAPMAN.
xiv. JAMES LAING was born in Apr 1898 in Co. Armagh, Ireland. He married LILLIAN LOWE. She was born in 1900. She died in 1934. He married GRACE HUDSON. She was born in Apr 1901 in West Hull, QC. She died in 1989. xv. ELIZABETH LAING was born in Aug 1900 in Milford, Armagh, Irel;and. She died on 09 Feb 1987 in Ottawa.
xvi. EUPHEMIA LAING was born in Jul 1904 in Ireland. She died in 1987 in Baltimore, MD, USA.

Matthew Ryan
The genealogy of this family has too much information. The1871 census has Matthew Ryan, aged 49, born in Ireland, married, Mary, 60, born in Ireland, married, and Matthew, aged 18, born in England, unmarried. The 1881 census has the same three, Matthew aged 75, Mary aged 70 and Matthew aged 27, now joined with Margeurite aged 31, born in Quebec, presumably young Matthew's wife. The 1887 Church records show the marriage of Matthew Ryan, widower, of deceased Isabella Duncan [not Mary], and Sarah Devlin, widow of deceased John Marshall. But the on line Marshall genealogy shows Sarah Shevenell, not Devlin [Allison MacKay - ajmaceye@sympatico.ca].

Robert Marshall
ROBERT MARSHALL (John) was born on 20 Apr 1855 in Ontario. He died on 17 Jan 1918 in Ontario. He married Anne Somerville Linton, daughter of Adam Linton and Ellen Redpath on 16 Oct 1882 in Harrington, Argenteuil, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 05 Feb 1865 in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Robert Marshall and Anne Somerville Linton had the following children:
i. ALEXANDER3 MARSHALL was born on 16 Feb 1884 in Harrington, Argenteuil, Quebec, Canada. He died on 23 Jul 1964 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
ii. GEORGE MARSHALL was born on 06 Sep 1885. He died on 18 Aug 1966 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
iii. ELLEN REDPATH MARSHALL was born on 09 Jun 1887. She died on 10 Jan 1961 in Ottawa.
iv. SARAH ALICE MARSHALL was born on 24 Apr 1892. She died on 26 Apr 1970 in Cornwall, Ontario.
v. ROBERT GORDON MARSHALL was born on 23 Apr 1893. He died on 30 Sep 1979 in Englehart, Temiskamking, Ont.
vi. JOHN MARSHALL was born on 07 Jan 1894. He died on 04 Oct 1922 in Evanturel Twp, Temiskaming District, Ont.
vii. JAMES HERBERT MARSHALL was born on 19 Apr 1896. He died on 17 Dec 1986 in Kirkland Lake, Ont.
viii. EARL WILLIAM MARSHALL was born on 16 Apr 1898. He died on 29 Jan 1991.
ix. ANNIE RHODA MARSHALL was born on 09 Jun 1899. She died in 1989.
x. MARY AGNES MARSHALL was born in Jan 1903. She died on 04 Jul 1988. She married HUGH FERGUSSON. He was born on 02 Jul 1874 in Beeton, Ont. He died on 22 Sep 1968 in Manotick.
xi. CHRISTINA GERTRUDE JANE MARSHALL was born in Oct 1904. She died on 04 Jan 2000 in Nepean, Ont.
xii. ALBERT EDWARD MARSHALL was born in Jul 1909. He died on 29 Jan 1951 in Englehart, Temiskamking, Ont.

Denis Kennedy
DENIS KENNEDY was born in 1792 in Ireland. He died on 23 Jul 1874 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married ANN ROSS. She was born in 1799 in Scotland. She died on 09 May 1883 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
Denis Kennedy and Ann Ross had the following children:
i. MICHAEL KENNEDY was born in 1834 in Canada. He married CATHERINE DUNLOP. She was born in 1838 in Canada.
ii. DENIS KENNEDY was born in 1841 in Canada.
iii. ELIZABETH KENNEDY was born in 1844 in Canada.

Michael Kennedy MICHAEL KENNEDY (Denis) was born in 1834 in Canada.
He married CATHERINE DUNLOP. She was born in 1838 in Canada.
Michael Kennedy and Catherine Dunlop had the following children:
i. MICHAEL M KENNEDY was born in Jun 1870.
ii. MARY ELIZABETH KENNEDY was born on 10 Apr 1872 in Old Chelsea, Quebec.
iii. JOHN KENNEDY was born in Mar 1874 in Quebec. He married ANNIE TERESSA MCCLOSKEY, daughter of Richard McCloskey and Catherine Daley on 09 Jun 1903 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 27 May 1876.
iv. MICHAEL KENNEDY was born in Farrellton, Quebec.

John Kennedy
JOHN KENNEDY was born in 1832 in Ireland. He married MARY BOLAND. She was born in 1835 in Ireland.
John Kennedy and Mary Boland had the following children:
i. JOHN KENNEDY was born in 1856 in Ireland.
ii. MATTHEW KENNEDY was born in 1859 in Ireland.
iii. CATHERINE KENNEDY was born in 1863 in England.
iv. WILLIAM KENNEDY was born in 1865 in England.
v. ELLEN KENNEDY was born in 1871 in Quebec. She died in 1951. She married HERBERT A ROUTLIFFE in 1902. He was born on 19 Jul 1877. He died in 1926.

Martin Doyle MARTIN DOYLE was born in Oct 1824 in Co. Wexford, Ireland. He died on 09 Mar 1903. He married ELLEN O'BRIEN. She was born in 1831 in Ireland.
Notes for Martin Doyle: The 1861 census has James aged 15.
Martin Doyle and Ellen O'Brien had the following children:
i. CATHERINE DOYLE was born on 06 May 1854.
ii. ELLEN DOYLE was born on 05 Jan 1858 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She died in 1930. She married John Hogan on 16 Jan 1880 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He was born in 1837. He died in 1910.
iii. THOMAS DOYLE was born on 27 Apr 1861 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iv. MARTIN DOYLE was born on 25 Aug 1863 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married Julia Burke, daughter of Hugh Burke and Bridget Murphy on 15 May 1889 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. JAMES DOYLE was born on 26 Apr 1866. He married MARGARET YOUNG.
vi. WILLIAM HENRY DOYLE was born on 17 Jan 1869 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vii. MARGARET DOYLE was born on 07 Jun 1856 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.

John McSweeney
JOHN MCSWEENEY (John). He married Ellen O'Neill, daughter of James O'Neill and Ellen Campbell on 24 Oct 1864 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
John McSweeney and Ellen O'Neill had the following children:
i. MARY MCSWEENEY was born on 27 Apr 1867. She married Narcisse Trudeau, son of Narcisse Trudeau and Katie McKinney on 29 Feb 1892 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He was born on 14 Dec 1867. He died on 12 May 1947.
ii. JAMES MCSWEENEY was born on 03 Feb 1869 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iii. ROBERT MCSWEENEY was born in 1870.
iv. ELLEN JANE MCSWEENEY was born on 13 Apr 1873 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. ANNIE MCSWEENEY was born in 1875. She married Thomas Young, son of Thomas Young and Maria Johnson in 1904. He was born in 1869. He died in 1937.
vi. ALICE MCSWEENEY was born on 30 Oct 1877 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vii. JOHN MCSWEENEY was born on 17 Dec 1879 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married ELIZABETH DURBRIDGE.
viii. MARGARET ELIZABETH MCSWEENEY was born on 07 Apr 1882 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
ix. MICHAEL STEPHEN MCSWEENEY was born on 18 Sep 1884 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
x. WILLIAM JOSEPH MCSWEENEY was born on 15 Jun 1887. He died in 1935. He married Mary Elizabeth Aubin, daughter of Moses Aubin and Mary Aubin in 1915. She was born in 1892. She died in 1973.
xi. CATHERINE ELIZABETH MCSWEENEY was born on 14 May 1891.

Thomas Higgins
THOMAS HIGGINS was born in 1817 in Ireland. He married CATHERINE COSGROVE. She was born in 1826 in Ireland.
Thomas Higgins and Catherine Cosgrove had the following children:
i. PATRICK HIGGINS was born in 1842 in Ireland. He married MARY A DALY. She was born on 13 Feb 1837.
ii. CATHERINE HIGGINS was born in 1845 in Ireland.
iii. BRIDGET HIGGINS was born on 19 Jan 1854 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iv. JOHN HIGGINS was born on 18 Oct 1855 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. ROBERT HIGGINS was born in 1856. He married MARY JANE BRENNAN. She was born on 02 May 1864.
vi. THOMAS HIGGINS was born on 17 Mar 1858 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vii. ANN HIGGINS was born on 30 Mar 1861 in Old Chelsea.

Michael Grimes MICHAEL GRIMES [1796-1895] was born in Co. Tipperary, Ireland. He married CATHERINE RYAN.
Michael Grimes and Catherine Ryan had the following children:
i. JOHN GRIMES was born in 1833. He died in 1882 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married ELLEN MULVIHILL, daughter of John Mulvihill and Julia Ryan in 1862 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born in 1839. She died in 1923 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
ii. MICHAEL GRIMES. He married ANNA O'MEARA.
iii. MARY GRIMES was born in 1846. She died in 1934 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married PHILIP MULVIHILL. He was born in 1837. He died in 1923 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iv. RICHARD GRIMES was born on 17 Feb 1850 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He died on 19 Jun 1903 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married MARY PADDEN. She died on 28 Aug 1938 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. ANNA GRIMES was born on 06 Nov 1847 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She died on 22 Oct 1924 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married JOHN DUNN. He was born on 26 Apr 1847 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He died on 17 Jun 1896 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. vi. CATHERINE GRIMES was born on 13 Apr 1856 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She died in Aug 1873. Also the book on the Grimes family in the GHVS archives in Chelsea Library.

Hugh McGuire HUGH MCGUIRE was born in 1821 in Ireland. He married MARY ______. She was born in 1821 in Ireland.
Hugh McGuire and Mary ______ had the following children:
i. HUGH MCGUIRE was born on 08 Jun 1852. He died on 03 Oct 1915. He married ANNA CAFFERTY. She was born on 13 Apr 1857. She died on 30 Jun 1952.
ii. MARY MCGUIRE was born in 1851. Generation 2 HUGH MCGUIRE (Hugh) was born on 08 Jun 1852. He died on 03 Oct 1915. He married ANNA CAFFERTY. She was born on 13 Apr 1857. She died on 30 Jun 1952.
Hugh McGuire and Anna Cafferty had the following children:
i. MARY MCGUIRE was born on 02 Jul 1880 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
ii. JAMES JOSEPH MCGUIRE was born on 27 Nov 1881 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.

Thomas Heyden THOMAS HEYDEN was born in 1804 in Ireland. He married CATHERINE HAYES. She was born in 1810 in Ireland.
Notes for Thomas Heyden: The 1842 census also has Lawrence Heyden in the district.
Thomas Heyden and Catherine Hayes had the following children:
i. MARY HEYDEN was born in 1832. She married Patrick Burns in 1858 in St Patricks church, Ottawa.
ii. MICHAEL HEYDEN was born in 1836 in Canada.
iii. THOMAS HEYDEN was born in 1838 in Canada.
iv. CATHERINE HEYDEN was born in 1840 in Canada.
v. WILLIAM HEYDEN was born in 1844 in Canada. 34
vi. HONORA HEYDEN was born on 05 Sep 1847 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vii. PATRICK HEYDEN was born on 07 Oct 1850 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
viii. JOHN HEYDEN was born in 1852 in Canada

William Jeffs
WILLIAM JEFFS was born in 1791 in England. He married ANN RYAN. She was born in 1795 in Ireland.
William Jeffs and Ann Ryan had the following children:
i. WILLIAM JEFFS was born in 1833 in Canada East.
ii. JOHN JEFFS was born in 1835 in Canada East.
iii. MARY JEFFS was born in 1838 in Canada East.
iv. MARGARET JEFFS was born in 1840 in Canada East. She died in Mar 1889 in Templeton Township, Quebec. She married Richard Burke, son of Michael Burke and Ann Doherty on 25 Apr 1861 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. TIMOTHY JEFFS was born in 1843 in Canada East.
vi. ELLEN JEFFS was born in 1846 in Canada East.
vii. THOMAS JEFFS was born in 1848. He married HENNORIETTA MCMILLAN.

Edwin and Cuthbert Routliffe
WILLIAM ROUTLIFFE was born in May 1827. He married ELIZABETH BABB. She was born in Sep 1832.
William Routliffe and Elizabeth Babb had the following children:
i. AUSTIN ROUTLIFFE was born in 1863.
ii. CUTHBERT ROUTLIFFE was born in Nov 1866. He married ALBERTA ORMOND. She was born in Mar 1873.
iii. ERNEST ROUTLIFFE was born in 1868.
iv. EDWIN VALENTINE ROUTLIFFE was born in Jun 1870.
v. REGINALD ROUTLIFFE was born in 1871. vi. GEORGINA ROUTLIFFE was born on 20 Aug 1875
The names Routliffe and Routley seem to have been used interchangeably.

Michael Egan Sr
MICHAEL EGAN was born in 1831 in Ireland. He married CATHERINE YOUNG, daughter of Thomas Young and Julia Gleason on 03 Mar 1851 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born in 1832 in Borrisoleigh, Co. Tipperary, Ireland.
Michael Egan and Catherine Young had the following children:
i. ANNIE EGAN was born in 1852 in Quebec.
ii. MARGARET EGAN was born in 1855. She died in 1924. She married Lawrence Dunne, son of Michael Dunn and Bridget Scott on 18 Sep 1877 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He was born in 1848. He died in 1915.
iii. MICHAEL JAMES EGAN was born in 1859. He died in 1901. He married Elizabeth Curran on 19 Sep 1882 in Ottawa. She was born on 13 Jan 1876 in Ste Angelique, Quebec. She died in 1939.
iv. CATHERINE EGAN was born in Dec 1852 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.

Michael Egan Jr
MICHAEL JAMES EGAN (Michael1) was born in 1859. He died in 1901. He married Elizabeth Curran on 19 Sep 1882 in Ottawa. She was born on 13 Jan 1876 in Ste Angelique, Quebec. She died in 1939.
Michael James Egan and Elizabeth Curran had the following children:
i. CATHERINE ELIZABETH3 EGAN was born on 20 Jul 1893.
ii. MAURICE JOHN EGAN was born on 05 Nov 1894. He died in 1906.
iii. MICHAEL WILFRED EGAN was born on 30 Jul 1896 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He died in 1931.
iv. ANNIE TERESA EGAN was born on 02 Apr 1898.
v. MARY LINA EGAN was born on 09 Feb 1899. She died in 1985.

William Welch
1. WILLIAM WELCH was born in 1805 in Ireland. He died on 04 Aug 1861 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
He married MARGARET CRILLY. She was born in 1802 in Ireland. She died on 17 Mar 1864 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. William Welch and Margaret Crilly had the following children:
2. i. MARTIN WELCH was born on 11 Jul 1831 in Canada. He died on 19 Feb 1922 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married MARGARET BRADY. She was born on 22 Feb 1839. She died on 19 Feb 1922 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
ii. JOHN WELCH was born in 1833 in Canada.
iii. CATHERINE WELCH was born in 1835 in Canada.
iv. MICHAEL WELCH was born in 1837 in Canada.
Generation 2
2. MARTIN WELCH (William1) was born on 11 Jul 1831 in Canada. He died on 19 Feb 1922 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married MARGARET BRADY. She was born on 22 Feb 1839. She died on 19 Feb 1922 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
Martin Welch and Margaret Brady had the following child:
i. JOHN JAMES WELCH.

James Keogan
JAMES KEOGAN (Thomas1) was born in Co. Cavan, Ireland. He married Anne Watson in 1844 in St Pauls RC Church, Aylmer, Quebec. She was born in 1827 in Quebec.
James Keogan and Anne Watson had the following children:
i. JOHN KEOGAN was born on 13 Mar 1845 in Quebec. He married MARY MCCLOSKEY, daughter of Michael McCloskey and Mary Anne McCloskey on 05 Apr 1880 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 12 Feb 1857.
ii. ELIZABETH KEOGAN was born on 18 Dec 1847 in Quebec. She married EDWARD YOUNG, son of Thomas Young and Julia Gleason on 07 Feb 1871 in St Stephens Old Chelsea. He was born on 05 Aug 1832 in Borrisoleigh, Co. Tipperary, Ireland. He died in 1908 in Old Chelsea, Quebec.
iii. JAMES KEOGAN was born in 1852 in Quebec. He married MARGARET KELLY, daughter of Thomas Kelly and Catherine Dwyer on 25 Oct 1887 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iv. MATTHIAS KEOGAN was born in 1855 in Quebec.
v. ANNE KEOGAN was born on 20 Aug 1856 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married Patrick Murtagh, son of John Murtagh and Mary McGrath in 1880. He was born on 25 Nov 1848.
vi. PETER KEOGAN was born on 01 Mar 1859 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vii. MARGARET ELLEN KEOGAN was born on 25 Apr 1862 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
viii. MARY KEOGAN was born on 22 Nov 1864 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married Denis Dwyer, son of John Dwyer and Margaret Gallagher on 01 May 1883 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
ix. CATHERINE JANE KEOGAN was born on 03 Nov 1867 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.

John Keogan
JOHN KEOGAN (James, Thomas) was born on 13 Mar 1845 in Quebec. He married MARY MCCLOSKEY, daughter of Michael McCloskey and Mary Anne McCloskey on 05 Apr 1880 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 12 Feb 1857.
John Keogan and Mary McCloskey had the following children:
i. JAMES KEOGAN was born on 25 Jan 1881. He died on 25 Apr 1914 in Ottawa.
ii. MICHAEL KEOGAN was born on 11 Dec 1882.
iii. MARY ANNE KEOGAN was born1885 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married Robert Cook in 1910 in Haileybury, Ont.
iv. JOHN KEOGAN was born on 08 Nov 1887 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. CATHERINE KEOGAN was born on 29 Aug 1890 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married William Gerard, son of Frieman Gerard and Elizabeth Dalpe on 17 Apr 1912 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vi. EMMA KEOGAN was born on 26 Jun 1893 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vii. GERTRUDE KEOGAN was born on 21 Mar 1897 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.

Daniel Sheahan
DANIEL SHEEHAN was born in 1782 in Ireland. He died on 20 Mar 1853 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married MARY CONNORS. She was born in 1782 in Ireland.
Daniel Sheehan and Mary Connors had the following children:
i. THOMAS SHEEHAN was born in 1812 in Co. Limerick, Ireland. He married Anne O’Brien in 1832 in Nelson, NB. She was born in 1814 in Co. Limerick, Ireland.
ii. JEREMIAH SHEEHAN was born in 1822 in Ireland. He married Margaret McDonnell, daughter of Thomas McDonnell and Bridget McGuire on 26 Nov 1846 in Old Chelsea, Quebec. She was born in 1832.
iii. JOHANNAH SHEEHAN was born in 1830. She married JOHN MACDONALD.
iv. MARY SHEEHAN was born in 1832 in Ireland.
v. ELLEN SHEEHAN was born in 1834 in Ireland. She married FRANCOIS BOURGEAU. He was born on 08 Sep 1835.
vi. DANIEL SHEEHAN was born in 1838 in Ireland. He married ELLEN CONNORS.

Ellen Sheahan/Francois Bourgeau
ELLEN SHEEHAN (Daniel1) was born in 1834 in Ireland. She married FRANCOIS BOURGEAU. He was born on 08 Sep 1835.
Notes for Francois Bourgeau: (Postmaster of Aylmer) In 1875 Francois owned lots 23 and 24 of Range XI by Meech Lake, and lot 26 Range X, all of West Hull Twp. Lac Bourgeois is named after him.
Francois Bourgeau and Ellen Sheehan had the following children:
i. MARY BOURGEAU was born on 02 Aug 1856.
ii. JOHANNAH BOURGEAU was born on 28 Nov 1858.
iii. FRANCOIS BOURGEAU was born on 13 Jun 1860.
iv. HELENE BOURGEAU was born on 20 Feb 1862.
v. MARGUERITE ANN BOURGEAU was born on 23 Jan 1870.
vi. DANIEL BOURGEAU was born on 08 Nov 1872.
vii. M. AVELINE BOURGEAU was born on 16 Jan 1875.

Thomas Sheehan
THOMAS SHEEHAN (Daniel1) was born in 1812 in Co. Limerick, Ireland.
He married Anne O' Brien in 1832 in Nelson, NB. She was born in 1814 in Co. Limerick, Ireland.
i. MARGARET SHEEHAN was born in 1833 in New Brunswick, Canada. She married James Grogan, child of Michael Grogan and Mary Carroll on 25 Apr 1858 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
ii. PETER SHEEHAN was born on 05 Aug 1855 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married Emma Fulford, daughter of John Fulford and Bridget Ryan on 21 Feb 1882 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iii. SARAH ANNE SHEEHAN. She married Patrick Smith, son of Thomas Smith and Anne Caplis on 27 Jul 1881 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iv. JAMES SHEEHAN was born on 03 Feb 1851 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. ELIZABETH SHEEHAN was born on 08 Jan 1853 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vi. MICHAEL SHEEHAN was born in 1832 in New Brunswick, Canada.
vii. THOMAS SHEEHAN was born in 1836 in New Brunswick, Canada.
viii. MARY SHEEHAN was born in 1838 in New Brunswick, Canada.
ix. WILLIAM SHEEHAN was born in 1841 in New Brunswick, Canada.
x. JOHN SHEEHAN was born in 1845 in Lower Canada.
xi. CATHERINE SHEEHAN was born in 1847 in Lower Canada.
xii. JAMES SHEEHAN was born in 1850 in Lower Canada.

Jeremiah Sheahan
JEREMIAH SHEEHAN (Daniel) was born in 1822 in Ireland. He married Margaret McDonnell, daughter of Thomas McDonnell and Bridget McGuire on 26 Nov 1846 in Old Chelsea, Quebec. She was born in 1832.
Jeremiah Sheehan and Margaret McDonnell had the following children:
i. MARY A. SHEEHAN was born in 1849 in Canada.
ii. BRIDGET SHEEHAN was born on 02 May 1851 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iii. DANIEL SHEEHAN was born on 01 Jul 1853 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married ELLEN CAFFERTY. She was born in 1861.

Garret Fortune
GARRET2 FORTUNE (Garret1) was born in 1826 in Ireland. He married ANN ELLAND. She was born in 1831. Notes for Garret Fortune:
Dates of Birth given in different census
1861 1871 1881
official record
Garret Sr 1801
Garret Jr 1826 1813 1821 1812
tombstone
Anne Elland 1831 1823 1826
Thomas 1844 1837 1851 1848
marriage licence
Eliza 1846
Anny 1848 1853
William 1856 1859 1860 1857
Baptism
Salina 1860
Mary 1861 Baptism
Garret Fortune and Ann Elland had the following children:
i. THOMAS FORTUNE was born in 1848. He married Mary Ann McDonald, daughter of Archie McDonald and Nancy ______ on 24 May 1882 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
ii. ELIZA FORTUNE was born in 1850. She married GEORGE HITCHCOCK.
iii. ANNE FORTUNE was born in 1852. She married JAMES O'NEILL, son of James O'Neill and Ellen Carrell on 26 Nov 1874 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iv. WILLIAM FORTUNE was born in 1855.
v. MARY FORTUNE was born in 1860.

Thomas Leahy
THOMAS LEAHEY was born in 1797 in Ireland. He married CATHERINE BLAKE. She was born in 1814 in Ireland.
Thomas Leahey and Catherine Blake had the following children:
i. MARY LEAHEY was born in 1839 in Ireland.
ii. JOHN LEAHEY was born in 1840 in Ireland.
iii. MICHAEL LEAHEY was born on 22 Oct 1845 in Ireland. He died on 16 Jun 1905 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He married Margaret Murphy, daughter of John Murphy and MARY CRILLY on 31 Jan 1882 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She was born on 02 Sep 1863. She died on 22 Mar 1886 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
iv. MARGARET LEAHEY was born in 1845 in Ireland. She died in 1940 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married Michael Alger, son of Nicholas Alger and Adeline Mearcil on 25 Jun 1862 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
v. PATRICK LEAHEY was born on 02 Jul 1848 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. He died on 23 Feb 1923 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vi. THOMAS LEAHEY was born on 20 Dec 1851 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
vii. CATHERINE LEAHEY was born on 28 Dec 1854 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
Notes for Catherine Leahey: Baptism Record has birth 18 Jan 1855

Gabriel Dunlop
GABRIEL DUNLOP was born in Co. Roscommon, Ireland. He married CATHERINE HOBEN.
Gabriel Dunlop and Catherine Hoben had the following children:
i. SARAH DUNLOP. She married JOHN BROOKS.
ii. ELIZABETH DUNLOP. She married THOMAS BERRY.
iii. WILLIAM DUNLOP was born in 1798. He died in 1873. He married BRIDGET DALY. She was born in 1804. She died in 1853.
iv. GABRIEL DUNLOP was born in 1804 in Ireland. He married MARGARET DALEY. She was born in 1814 in Co. Wexfrd, Ireland.
v. CATHERINE DUNLOP was born in 1810 in Ireland. She died on 20 Mar 1899 in Old Chelsea, Quebec. She married ELISHA SHEFFIELD JR. He was born on 29 Oct 1818. He died in 1907.

Gabriel Dunlop
GABRIEL DUNLOP (Gabriel) was born in 1804 in Ireland. He married MARGARET DALEY. She was born in 1814 in Co. Wexford, Ireland.
Gabriel Dunlop and Margaret Daley had the following children:
i. JOHN DUNLOP was born on 23 Jun 1835 in Canada. He married Grace Ann O'Connell on 23 Jun 1873. She was born in Co. Derry, Ireland.
ii. CATHERINE DUNLOP was born in 1838 in Canada. She married MICHAEL KENNEDY.
iii. ELIZABETH DUNLOP was born in May 1839 in Canada.
iv. MARY DUNLOP was born on 28 May 1841 in Canada. She married ROBERT DUNLOP.
v. GABRIEL AUGUSTINE DUNLOP was born on 19 Feb 1843 in Canada. He married ELLEN MCCLOSKEY. She was born in 1847 in Ireland.
vi. SARAH ANN DUNLOP was born on 30 Mar 1845 in Canada. She married THOMAS SHIELDS.
vii. RICHARD DUNLOP was born in 1848 in Canada. He died on 31 Jul 1897 in Little River, Oconto Co., Wisconsin, USA. He married Catherine McCloskey, daughter of Patrick McCloskey and Catherine McCloskey on 21 Jul 1873. She was born on 23 Mar 1852 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She died in Little River, Oconto Co., Wisconsin, USA.
viii. MARGARET DUNLOP was born in 1850 in Canada. She married ______ KENNEDY.
ix. JULIA DUNLOP was born on 02 May 1851 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada. She married James McCloskey on 24 Apr 1874.
x. MARTIN DUNLOP was born on 17 Apr 1853 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
xi. ISABELLA DUNLOP was born on 10 Apr 1856 in Old Chelsea, Quebec, Canada.
xii. HANNAH DUNLOP was born in 1859. She died in 1940 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. She married ______ SAVAGE.
xiii. BRIDGET DUNLOP was born in 1860.

William Dunlop
WILLIAM DUNLOP (Gabriel) was born in 1798. He died in 1873. He married BRIDGET DALY. She was born in 1804. She died in 1853.
William Dunlop and Bridget Daly had the following children:
i. MARY ANN DUNLOP was born in Feb 1831. She died on 19 May 1902. She married MICHAEL SCOTT. He was born in May 1824. He died on 02 Apr 1895.
ii. WILLIAM DUNLOP was born in 1833. He married CATHERINE.
iii. CATHERINE DUNLOP. She died in 1922. She married GEORGE STYLES. He was born in 1853. He died in 1895.
iv. JAMES ROBERT DUNLOP was born in Aug 1839. He died on 17 Apr 1895. He married MARY JANE FENNING. She was born in 1847. She died on 29 Sep 1920.
v. JOHN A. DUNLOP was born in Aug 1839. He died in 1904.
vi. GEORGE DUNLOP was born on 12 Apr 1841. He died on 22 Aug 1925. He married MARY ANN DALEY. She was born on 08 Apr 1846. She died on 20 Jan 1886 in Chelsea, Quebec.
vii. SARAH ELIZABETH DUNLOP was born in Oct 1843. She died on 30 Sep 1846.

William and Charles Mullins
The 1851 Census has Willam Mullins, aged 71, Bridget Riley, his wife, aged 72, Patrick a labourer aged 30, Ellen (Harrington) aged 31, and children Mary aged 10 and Catherine aged 7, both born in Canada; Catherine's birth is registered in Aylmer. A son Robert was married in Aylmer in 1841 to Helen Strange, the widow of Richard Morissy, and her brother John Strange was at the wedding.

Yet another branch of the Mullins clan has Charles Mullins [-1853] who married Bridget Mademond with son Bernard [ 1804-1853] who both died in 1853; Bernard's wife was Mary Haydon. They has a daughter Bridget born 1852. Perhaps Charles and William were brothers.
The 1851 Census has Bernard Mullin, a farmer, aged 47, Mary Mullin aged 22, likely his wife, Mary Haydon, Nancy Mullin aged 36, presumably Bernard's sister and Mary Sooders aged 55 a widow, all born in Ireland.

Michael Shea
MICHAEL1 SHEA . Michael Shea had the following child:
MICHAEL2 SHEA (Michael1).
He married BRIDGET CORRIGAN, daughter of John Corrigan on 12 Jul 43 1841 in St Pauls RC Church, Aylmer, Quebec.
Michael Shea and Bridget Corrigan had the following children:
 SARAH3 SHEA was born in 1842.
 MARY SHEA was born in 1844. She died in 1879.
 WILLIAM SHEA was born in 1846.
 JOHN SHEA was born in 1847. He died in 1908.
 MICHAEL SHEA was born in 1850.
 BRIDGET SHEA was born in 1853.


Ridge Road
Map of Ireland showing the Countries of Birth of Families along Ridge Road. When the location is not known, shown is an assumed location from a table of Matheson showing the most likely county of origin. The potential chain migration from Co. Derry is shown.

Some Dates

1806 Hull and Eardley Township Survey completed

1830 First Settlers on Kingsmere Mountain

1860 Main settlers in place

1870 Sisters of Charity land purchases start.

1910 Last settlers leave

1920 Ottawa Ski Club to Camp Fortune. Many trails constructed

1930 Great Depression. Major tree cutting. McDonald Firewood cutting along trail 40 and 33

1938 Establishment of Gatineau Park and land acqistion in the area of Kingsmere Mountain

1943 Ridge Road extended along Canyon ski trail to Old Chelsea

1948 Fire Tower Road built to Luskville, rebuilt by John Clifford in late 1950s for Parkway extension.

1955-60 Parkways constructed, Peter Aykroyd, chief engineer.

1960 Federal District Commission replaced with National Capital Commission. Both agencies of the Canadian Government.


LotRangeInitailAfter transactionsSale to FDC, NCC
2&3 S 1/29Thomas McKinstryCharles Currie, Robert Radmore and Daniel PinkW J Harrison 1930
T C Radmore 1940
28Richard DavisvariousW J Harrison 1939
George Heatherington 1950
Athanse Chamberland 1950
Wid Howard Moore 1953
18Patrick McCloskeyN 1/2 Herbert Blanchet in 1907
Charles McDonald in 1930
S 1/2 William Williams in 1907
Bessie Josephine
McKenna Hambleton 1934
Bessie Josephine
McKenna Hambleton 1954
Charles McDonald 1959
2811Patrick BradleyPatrick McCloskey about 1890
John and Percy Mahon
Charles McDonald 1925
Wid Christopher Allan 1939
Charels MacDonald 1959
S 1/2 2711Michael RyanAlcide Lacerte 1903
Wm H Benedict
Chester Benedict 1940
N 1/2 2810Denis KennedyEsther Wolff 1884E Wolff 1939
William Ryan 1940
S 1/2 2810Michael KennedyEsther Wolff 1884E Wolff 1939
William Ryan 1940
N 1/2 2710Matthew RyanRobert Marshall
John Alfred Pink 1924
Maurice Morgan 1968
S 1/2 2710Jahn Kennedy
Matthew Kennedy
Herbert Routliffe 1911 Wid Herbert Routliffe (E Kennedy) 1939
N 1/2 2610Martin DoyleUniversity of Ottawa 1873Robert Ryan 1939
University of Ottawa 1949
S 1/2 2610John McSweeneyUniversity of Ottawa 1872Hibbert Vipond 1939
Fred Romanuk 1939
University of Ottawa 1939
N 1/2 28
N 1/2 27
9Michael Grimes,
Thomas Higgins
Sold from Grimes to Higgins abt 1850Mary Brennan, wid
Robert Higgins 1939
S 1/2 279Hugh McGuireJohn Henry MahonJohn Henry Mahon 1939
269Thomas Heydon
William Jeffs
Edwin and George Routliffe
Hibbert Vipond
Hibbert Vipond 1939
259Michael EganWidow married Edward Young
John Young
John Young 1940
N 1/2 249William Walsh
James Keogan
Joseph Maurice 1924
Leon Pichard
Leon Ricard 1939
S 1/2 249Patrick McCloskeySisters of Charity 1872
Robert Pink
Orville Robert Pink
Daniel Noble Pink 1940
S 1/2 239Francois BourgeauSisters of Charity 1870
Charles Pink 1888
Wid Robert Radmore Pink 1940
N 1/2 239Jeremiah SheehanJohn Keogan 1899 (see N 1/2 24) Leon Ricard 1939
Cliffside Ski Club sold building 1944 to FDC
N 1/2 229Garrett FortuneSisters of Charity 1875
Patrick Murtagh 1902
George and Charles Murtagh 1938
S 1/2 229Thomas LeahyvariousPeter Stephen Daly 1940
Michael Blake 1940
OSC 1963
219Gabriel DunlopJohn Dunlop to Chas Mortureux et al 1921
James Dunlop to OSC 1929
Donat Grandmaitre 1939
William J Harrison 1939
Ottawa Ski Club 1991
N 1/2 209William DunlopGabriel Dunlop
Robert M Ryan
William J Harrison 1939
Ottawa Ski Club 1663 (swap)
Ottawa Ski Club 1991
S 1/2 209William MullinPatrick Mullin to William Ryan 1875
Ottawa Ski Club 1933
CFRA 1961
Donat Grandmaitre 1938
Ottawa Ski Club 1991
S 1/2 189Michael SheaJohn S Mulvihill 1909
Richard M Mulvihill 1910
George W Richards 1949
Richard M Mulvihill 1940
N 1/2 228Michael LeahyRoy Overton 1939
M Leahy 1939
Frank Mulvihill 1939
Joseph Daly 1939

Ridge Road
1931 Map showing Ski Trails Ottawa Ski Club. Shown in red are the clearings shown on that map, presumably former farm clearings.

Ridge Road